Since the early 1700s, women of Spanish/Mexican origin or descent have played a central, if often unacknowledged, role in Texas history. Tejanas have been community builders, political and religious leaders, founders of organizations, committed trade unionists, innovative educators, astute businesswomen, experienced professionals, and highly original artists. Giving their achievements the recognition they have long deserved, this groundbreaking book is at once a general history and a celebration of Tejanas' contributions to Texas over three centuries.
The authors have gathered and distilled a wide range of information to create this important resource. They offer one of the first detailed accounts of Tejanas' lives in the colonial period and from the Republic of Texas up to 1900. Drawing on the fuller documentation that exists for the twentieth century, they also examine many aspects of the modern Tejana experience, including Tejanas' contributions to education, business and the professions, faith and community, politics, and the arts. A large selection of photographs, a historical timeline, and profiles of fifty notable Tejanas complete the volume and assure its usefulness for a broad general audience, as well as for educators and historians.
Teresa Palomo Acosta is a Chicana poet who was formerly a research associate with the Texas State Historical Association. She lives in Austin.
Ruthe Winegarten is an independent scholar and writer of Texas women's history in Austin.
"No other works which combine so much material on Hispanic women have been published in the past, and I know of none in the offing. . . . This will be an excellent sourcebook for anyone interested in the many Tejanas who overcame adversity to succeed as businesswomen, professionals, educators, and politicians."
~Carolina Castillo Crimm, Associate Professor of History, Sam Houston State University
Foreword by Cynthia E. Orozco
Chapter 1: Native Women, Mestizas, and Colonists
Chapter 2: The Status of Women in the Colonial Period
Chapter 3: From the Republic of Texas to 1900
Chapter 4: Revolution, Racism, and Resistance: 1900-1940
Chapter 5: Life in Rural Texas: 1900-1940
Chapter 6: Life in Urban Texas: 1900-1940
Chapter 7: Education: Learning, Teaching, Leading
Chapter 8: Entering Business and the Professions
Chapter 9: Faith and Community
Chapter 10: Politics, the Chicano Movement, and Tejana Feminism
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