Palestinian cinema arose during the political cinema movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s, yet it was unique as an institutionalized, though modest, film effort within the national liberation campaign of a stateless people. Filmmakers working within the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and through other channels filmed the revolution as it unfolded, including the Israeli bombings of Palestinian refugee camps, the Jordanian and Lebanese civil wars, and Palestinian life under Israeli occupation, attempting to create a cinematic language consonant with the revolution and its needs. They experimented with form both to make effective use of limited material and to process violent events and loss as a means of sustaining active engagement in the Palestinian political project.
Palestinian Cinema in the Days of Revolution presents an in-depth study of films made between 1968 and 1982, the filmmakers and their practices, the political and cultural contexts in which the films were created and seen, and their afterlives among Palestinian refugees and young filmmakers in the twenty-first century. Nadia Yaqub discusses how early Palestinian cinema operated within emerging public-sector cinema industries in the Arab world, as well as through coproductions and solidarity networks. Her findings aid in understanding the development of alternative cinema in the Arab world. Yaqub also demonstrates that Palestinian filmmaking, as a cinema movement created and sustained under conditions of extraordinary precarity, offers important lessons on the nature and possibilities of political filmmaking more generally.
Nadia Yaqub is an associate professor of Arabic language and culture and chair of the Department of Asian Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She coedited Bad Girls of the Arab World with Rula Quawas.
Yaqub's book helps to recover a period of revolutionary activity whose hopes and promises have been left unfulfilled.
[Yaqub's] message of maintaining artistic archives at risk of marginalization (or worse, total extinction) should resonate with anyone who appreciates the crucial interconnections between film and cultural identity.
~Film International Online
Yaqub's is the first book devoted to this topic, certainly a reason in itself to welcome her study into the field of studies on Palestinian film...Yaqub does not exaggerate the quality of these films; nonetheless she sees past their limitations, exacerbated by the disappearance of so many of them, to their artistic and experimental merits and, most importantly, parses out their lasting importance for Palestinians today and for the present-day filmmakers who draw on them and draw inspiration from them.
[An] important, comprehensive study…[Palestinian Cinema in the Days of Revolution] opens a window to a luminous period of revolutionary production that, until now, has been largely inaccessible to English-language readers, and invites reengagement with these vital, visionary works in a moment where inspiration is urgently needed.
~International Journal of Middle East Studies
Palestinian Cinema in the Days of Revolution delves into the political dynamics of Palestinian film...One striking aspect of Yaqub's study is the importance of collective memory and oral history in the Palestinian context.
~The New Arab
[An] indispensable volume...Yaqub has gone to the painstaking effort to piece together what remains of these films, whether physically or simply from the memories of those who made them. Indeed, at a certain point it becomes difficult to see the author's effort to preserve an aspect of ever-threatened Palestinian history as different, or any less revolutionary, than the efforts of the film-makers she discusses in her book.
[Palestinian Cinema in the Days of Revolution] offers an extraordinarily well-researched, thorough, and nuanced historical account of a period of cultural production that is important to revisit today. Yaqub’s approach has the great merit of examining Palestinian revolutionary cinema in its social context and on its own terms. At the same time, it admirably sets Palestinian filmmakers’ goals in relation to militant cinemas addressing similar questions around the world. Thereby, her book addresses cinema of revolutionary times, exploring what it can tell us about filmmaking in the days of revolution past and to come, here and elsewhere.
~Journal of Palestine Studies
Yaqub’s book brings to light an immense body of cinematic materials that have rarely, if ever, been addressed in English-language sources, and it fills a major gap in the scholarly literature. Her command of the material and of the broader setting of 1960s–1970s Palestinian cultural history is very impressive, and her analysis is original and illuminating. She shows definitively that the work of Palestinian filmmakers before the 1980s is of significant interest on its own and is also critical to our appreciation of more contemporary Palestinian cinema.
~Kamran Rastegar, Tufts University, author of Surviving Images: Cinema, War, and Cultural Memory in the Middle East
This book offers an important contribution to the study of Palestinian cinema, which has often been restricted to addressing tropes of resistance, agency, and empowerment. Its focus on films produced in the revolutionary period of contemporary Palestinian history provides a new understanding of how and why Palestinian cinema was essential to the revolutionary impetus.
~Dina Matar, SOAS University of London, author of What It Means to be Palestinian: Stories of Palestinian Peoplehood
A Note on Translation and Transcription
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Chapter One: Emerging From a Humanitarian Gaze: Representations of Palestinians between 1948 and 1968
Chapter Two: Toward a Palestinian Third Cinema
Chapter Three: Palestine and the Rise of Alternative Arab Cinema
Chapter Four: From Third to Third World Cinema: Film Circuits and the Institutionalization of Palestinian Cinema
Chapter Five: Steadfast Images: The Afterlives of Films and Photographs of Tall al-Za`tar
Chapter Six: Cinematic Legacies: The Palestinian Revolution in Twenty-First Century Cinema
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