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The Brazilians

The Brazilians
Their Character and Aspirations
Translated by Ralph Edward Dimmick; foreword and Additional Notes by E. Bradford Burns

José Honório Rodrigues confronts the questions of who and what the Brazilian is, what Brazil stands for, where it has been, and where it is going.

January 1967
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214 pages | 6 x 9 |

Brazil has long been a country in search of its own meaning and mission. Early in their history Brazilians began to puzzle over their surroundings and their relation to them. The eighteenth century produced an entire school of nativistic writers who, with the advent of independence, became fiery nationalists, still pursuing introspective studies of their homeland. Throughout the nineteenth century, the intellectuals of Brazil determined to define their nation, its character, and its aspirations.

In this now well-established tradition, José Honório Rodrigues confronts the questions of who and what the Brazilian is, what Brazil stands for, where it has been, and where it is going. This study, originally published in Portuguese as Aspirações nacionais, was especially timely at a period when strong feelings of nationalism led Brazilians to seek to define their own
image, and when the revolution of rising expectations disposed them to determine what goals they were seeking and how far they were on the road to achieving them.

In order to understand and explain his nation, Rodrigues poses two questions: what are the national characteristics, and what are the national aspirations? Both questions are complex, but the reader will find well-reasoned answers, with a wealth of information on growth and development and abundant statistics to substantiate these answers.

  • Foreword by E. Bradford Burns
  • Preface
  • Introduction: Political Psychology and the Brazilians
    • 1. National Characteristics
    • 2. National Aspirations and Political Parties
    • 3. Personalities and Power
  • Part I. National Characteristics
    • 4. National Characteristics
    • 5. Brazil as Seen by Foreigners
    • 6. General Traditions and Present-Day Characteristics
    • 7. Traditional Positive Characteristics
    • 8. Present-Day Positive Characteristics
    • 9. Traditional and Present-Day Negative Characteristics
    • 10. Conclusion
  • Part II: National Aspirations
    • 11. Introduction
    • 12. Independence and Sovereignty
    • 13. Territorial Integrity
    • 14. Effective Occupation of the Land
    • 15. National Unity
    • 16. National Equilibrium and Regionalism
    • 17. Communications and National Unity
    • 18. Psychosocial Integration
    • 19. Miscegnation and Racial Tolerance
    • 20. Acculturation and Nationalization of Immigrants
    • 21. Classes and Social Justice
    • 22. Representative Government and Harmonious Division of Powers
    • 23. Oligarchy and Democracy
    • 24. Centralization and Federation
    • 25. Economic Development and Well-Being
    • 26. Education
    • 27. Health
  • Part III: The Permanent and the Transitory: A Summing Up
    • 28. The Permanent and the Transitory: A Summing Up
  • Bibliography
  • Index

José Honório Rodrigues (1913–1987) was a noted Brazilian scholar and historiographer. He served as a professor of higher education in the state of Guanabara and was a member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras.