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Mexican American Youth Organization

Mexican American Youth Organization
Avant-Garde of the Chicano Movement in Texas
Foreword by Mario C. Compean

The first comprehensive assessment of MAYO’s history, politics, leadership, ideology, strategies and tactics, and activist program.

January 1995
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312 pages | 6 x 9 | 14 b&w illus., 7 tables |

Among the protest movements of the 1960s, the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) emerged as one of the principal Chicano organizations seeking social change. By the time MAYO evolved into the Raza Unida Party (RUP) in 1972, its influence had spread far beyond its Crystal City, Texas, origins. Its members precipitated some thirty-nine school walkouts, demonstrated against the Vietnam War, and confronted church and governmental bodies on numerous occasions.

Armando Navarro here offers the first comprehensive assessment of MAYO's history, politics, leadership, ideology, strategies and tactics, and activist program. Interviews with many MAYO and RUP organizers and members, as well as first-hand knowledge drawn from his own participation in meetings, presentations, and rallies, enrich the text.

This wealth of material yields the first reliable history of this extremely vocal and visible catalyst of the Chicano Movement. The book will add significantly to our understanding of Sixties protest movements and the social and political conditions that gave them birth.


Outstanding Academic Book,

  • Foreword by Mario C. Compean
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Photographs
  • Introduction. Paradigm for the Etiology of the Chicano Movement
  • Chapter 1. The Chicano Movement: Impact of Endogenous Antagonisms
  • Chapter 2. The Chicano Youth Movement: Catalyst for Change
  • Chapter 3. MAYO: A Cadre Organization of Organizers
  • Chapter 4. MAYO: Protagonist for Educational Change
  • Chapter 5. MAYO: Advocate for Social Change
  • Chapter 6. MAYO: Precursor to the Raza Unida Party
  • Chapter 7. MAYO: Decline and Demise
  • Epilogue
  • Appendixes
    • 1. “El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán”
    • 2. MAYO Membership Requirements
    • 3. Crystal City School Walkout Demands
    • 4. “El Plan de Del Rio”
  • Notes
  • Index

A veteran organizer and activist in Chicano movements over the last quarter century, Armando Navarro is currently the Director of the Ernesto Galarza Public Policy and Humanities Research Institute at the University of California, Riverside.