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The Chora of Croton 1

The Chora of Croton 1
The Neolithic Settlement at Capo Alfiere
Edited by John Robb

The third volume of archaeological investigations in southern Italy by the Institute of Classical Archaeology that will present a wealth of new information about the region's ancient rural economy and culture.

Series: Copublished with the Institute of Classical Archaeology, University of Texas at Austin

April 2010
316 pages | 8.5 x 11 | 689 b&w illus. |

From 1974 to the present, the Institute of Classical Archaeology (ICA) at the University of Texas at Austin has carried out archaeological excavations and surveys in ancient territories (chorae) in southern Italy. This wide-ranging investigation, which covers a large number of sites and a time period ranging from prehistory to the Middle Ages, has unearthed a wealth of new information about ancient rural economies and cultures in the region. These discoveries will be published in two multivolume series (Metaponto and Croton). This volume on the Neolithic settlement at Capo Alfiere is the first in the Croton series.

The Chora of Croton 1 reports the excavation results of a remarkable Neolithic site at Capo Alfiere on the Ionian coast. Capo Alfiere is one of a very few early inhabitation sites in this area to have been excavated extensively, with a full team of scientific specialists providing interdisciplinary studies on early farming and animal husbandry. It provides comprehensive documentation of the economy, material culture, and way of life in the central Mediterranean in the sixth and fifth millennia BC. Most notable are the remains of a wattle-and-daub hut enclosed within a massive stone wall. Unique for this area, this well-preserved structure may have been used for special purposes such as ritual, as well as for habitation. The presence of Stentinello wares shows that the range of this pottery type extended further east than previously thought and casts new light on the development of ceramics in the area.

  • Contents
  • Acknowledgments (Joseph Coleman Carter)
  • Foreword (Joseph Coleman Carter)
  • Introduction (John Robb and Domenico Marino)
  • I. The Neolithic Settlement at Capo Alfiere
    • 1. The Site of Capo Alfiere
    • 2. Cultural Setting
    • 3. Environmental Setting
    • 4. History of Research at Capo Alfiere
    • 5. Stratigraphy Interpreted
    • 6. Architectural and Structural Features
    • 7. The Ceramic Assemblage
    • 8. Stone Tools
    • 9. Miscellaneous Objects
    • 10. Organic Remains
    • 11. Local Comparative Material
    • 12. Conclusions
  • II. Environment and Economy
    • 13. Geomorphology (Robert Folk)
    • 14. Faunal Analysis: Bones from Animals of Economic Importance (Erika Gál)
    • 15. Faunal Analysis: Bones from Small Mammals (Zsófia Eszter Kovács)
    • 16. Archaeobotany (Lorenzo Costantini and Loredana Costantini Biasini)
  • III. Object Studies
    • 17. Bone Artifacts (Erika Gál)
    • 18. Thin-Sections (Jon Morter and Harry Iceland), (Reprint: “Notes on an Eastern Calabrian Assemblage in the Stentinello Tradition”)
    • 19. Tokens (Jon Morter), Reprint: “Four pieces of clay: ‘tokens’ from Capo Alfiere, Calabria”)
  • Catalog of Ceramic, Lithic, and Other Finds
  • References

Jon Morter was a field director for ICA excavations at Metaponto and Croton in southern Italy, and at Chersonesos in Crimea. The ICA Croton project was the subject of his dissertation, for which he received a PhD from the University of Texas at Austin. He had taken up a position teaching at the College of Charleston (South Carolina) shortly before his death.

John Robb is Reader in European Prehistory and editor of the Cambridge Archaeological Journal at Cambridge University.


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