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Kainua (Marzabotto)

Kainua (Marzabotto)

Leading scholars examine Etruscan culture and society through recent archaeological findings in Kainua.

Series: Cities and Communities of the Etruscans

February 2023
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280 pages | 8.5 x 11 | 87 b&w photos, 22 maps, one 8-page color insert |

This volume brings together leading scholars of Etruria to provide up-to-date findings from the key archaeological site of Kainua. Located in what is now the Italian town of Marzabotto, Kainua is the only Etruscan site whose complete urban layout has been preserved, making it possible to trace houses, roads, drainage systems, cemeteries, craft workshops, and an acropolis.

Under excavation since the 1850s, Kainua offers a trove of insights into Etruscan culture and society. The volume’s editor, Elisabetta Govi, and her fellow experts examine the material evidence underlying our understanding of the history, economy, religion, and social structures of Kainua, including trade routes that linked the city with the wider Mediterranean. Particularly exciting are recent discoveries of sanctuaries dedicated to Tinia and Uni, analogous to the Greek Zeus and Hera, which provide new information about Etruscan cults. Kainua (Marzabotto) also draws on the latest research to reconstruct the city’s foundation rites, a sacred charter, and urban plan. Finally, the authors explore the site’s archaeological history, discussing new knowledge made possible since the introduction of modern techniques of remote sensing and 3D modeling.


Elisabetta Govi is a professor of Etruscology at the Università di Bologna and the director of excavations at Marzabotto (Kainua). She directs several research projects on the Etruscan territory of the Po Valley.