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The Chora of Metaponto 7

The Chora of Metaponto 7
The Greek Sanctuary at Pantanello

The seventh volume in the Institute of Classical Archaeology’s series on rural settlements in the countryside (chora) of Metaponto adds much to the study of Greek religion and to the picture of the ancient Greek countryside.

Copublished with the Institute of Classical Archaeology, University of Texas at Austin, and the Packard Humanities Institute
March 2018
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1744 pages | 8.5 x 11 |

The seventh volume in the Institute of Classical Archaeology’s series on the rural countryside (chora) of Metaponto is a study of the Greek sanctuary at Pantanello. The site is the first Greek rural sanctuary in southern Italy that has been fully excavated and exhaustively documented. Its evidence—a massive array of distinctive structural remains and 30,000-plus artifacts and ecofacts—offers unparalleled insights into the development of extra-urban cults in Magna Graecia from the seventh to the fourth centuries BC and the initiation rites that took place within the cults.

Of particular interest are the analyses of the well-preserved botanical and faunal material, which present the fullest record yet of Greek rural sacrificial offerings, crops, and the natural environment of southern Italy and the Greek world. Excavations from 1974 to 2008 revealed three major phases of the sanctuary, ranging from the Archaic to Early Hellenistic periods. The structures include a natural spring as the earliest locus of the cult, an artificial stream (collecting basin) for the spring’s outflow, Archaic and fourth-century BC structures for ritual dining and other cult activities, tantalizing evidence of a Late Archaic Doric temple atop the hill, and a farmhouse and tile factory that postdate the sanctuary’s destruction. The extensive catalogs of material and special studies provide an invaluable opportunity to study the development of Greek material culture between the seventh and third centuries BC, with particular emphasis on votive pottery and figurative terracotta plaques.

  • Volume I: The Excavation and Site
    • Acknowledgments (Joseph Coleman Carter)
    • 1. Introduction: The Importance of the Sanctuary at Pantanello (Joseph Coleman Carter)
    • 2. The Archaeological-Historical Context of the Pantanello Sanctuary (Joseph Coleman Carter)
    • Plans and Sections
    • Part 1: The Narrative of the Annual Excavation Campaigns, 1974–2013
      • 3. 1974: “A Canal Ran Through It”—The First Discovery (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 4. 1975: The Game Is Afoot! (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 5. 1976: The Sanctuary Beside the Canal (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 6. 1977: A Game Changer—The Well Point (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 7. 1978: First Discovery of Ancient Plant Life (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 8. 1981: Focus on the Spring, the Southern Extent (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 9. 1982: The Spring, the Collecting Basin, and Palaeobotany (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 10. The 1990 Campaign: Discovery of the Oikos (Keith Swift and Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 11. The 1991 Campaign: The Oikos Revealed (Keith Swift and Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 12. 2008: The Discovery of the 4th-Century BC Structures of the Upper Sanctuary (Joseph Coleman Carter)
    • Part 2: The Ancient Environment
      • 13. Geoarchaeological Observations at the Pantanello Sanctuary (James T. Abbott)
      • 14. Geoarchaeological Investigation at Pantanello: Depositional and Postdepositional
      • Processes in the Formation of the Archaeological Record (Andrea Zerboni, Elena Ferrari, Chiara Compostella, and Agostino Rizzi)
      • 15. Archaeobotanical Investigations at Pantanello (Lorenzo Costantini and Loredana Costantini Biasini)
      • 16. Pollen Evidence for Land Use and Vegetation Change at Pantanello (Donald G. Sullivan)
      • 17. Pollen Evidence and the Reconstruction of the Plant Landscape of the Pantanello Area from the 7th to the 1st Century BC (Assunta Florenzano and Anna Maria Mercuri)
      • 18. Animal Remains from the Sanctuary and Adjacent Areas at Pantanello (László Bartosiewicz, Keith Swift, and Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 19. Insect Remains from Pantanello (Lorenzo Costantini and Paolo Audisio)
      • 20. Marine Shells (Cesare D’Annibale)
  • Volume II: The Pottery and Finds
    • Part 3: Contextualization
      • 21. Stratigraphy, Chronology, and Site Phasing (Keith Swift)
      • 22. Excavated Assemblages (Keith Swift)
    • Part 4: Archaeological Materials—Pottery and Finds
      • Archaeological Materials: General Introduction to the Pottery and Finds (Keith Swift)
      • 23. Indigenous Pottery (Keith Swift)
      • 24. Archaic Fine Wares (Keith Swift)
      • 25. Figured Pottery from Pantanello (Francesca Silvestrelli)
      • 26. Black-gloss Fine Ware (Keith Swift)
      • 27. Gnathia Pottery (Elisa Lanza Catti)
      • 28. Black-on-Buff Pottery (Keith Swift)
      • 29. Plain and Banded Pottery (Keith Swift)
      • 30. Miniatures (Keith Swift and Anna Cavallo)
      • 31. Thymiateria (Keith Swift)
      • 32. Louteria and Stands (Keith Swift)
      • 33. Greek-type Mortaria and Pestles (Keith Swift)
      • 34. Cooking Ware (Keith Swift)
      • 35. Lásana (Massimo Barretta)
      • 36. Greek Transport Amphorae (Keith Swift)
      • 37. Pithoi (Keith Swift)
      • 38. Lamps (Emanuela Conoci)
      • 39. Metal Finds (Marta Mazzoli)
      • 40. Coins of the Pantanello Sanctuary (Anna Rita Parente)
      • 41. Lithics from the Pantanello Sanctuary (Cesare D’Annibale)
  • Volume III: Interpretations
    • Part 5: Archaeological Materials—Cult-Related Objects
      • 42. Architectural Materials from the Pantanello Sanctuary (Carlo Rescigno, Francesco Perugino, and Nicoletta Petrillo)
      • 43. Stone Sculptures (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 44. Loom Weights (Lin Foxhall)
      • 45. Terracottas (Rebecca Miller Ammerman)
    • Part 6: Sanctuary Structures
      • 46. Phase 1a: The Spring and Collecting Basin (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 47. Phase 1b to 2a: The Archaic Temple and Stoa (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 48. Phase 3: The Stoai (Hilltop) and Oikos (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 49. Phase 4: The Pantanello Farmhouse (Keith Swift and Joseph Coleman Carter)
    • Part 7: The Cult (Joseph Coleman Carter)
      • 50. The Development of the Sanctuary and the Cult: Phase 1a (600–550 BC))
      • 51. The Development of the Sanctuary and the Cult: Phase 1b (550–500 BC))
      • 52. The Development of the Sanctuary and the Cult: Phase 2a (500–480/470 BC))
      • 53. The Sanctuary and Cult in the 5th Century BC: The Gap
      • 54. The Development of the Sanctuary and the Cult: Phase 3 (400–320/300 BC))
      • 55. The Other Sanctuary of Artemis in the Chora
    • Part 8: Data
      • 56. Data Management and ARK (Jessica Trelogan and Lauren M. Jackson)
      • 57. Matrices (Keith Swift)
      • 58. Assemblages by Phase and Distribution (Keith Swift)
  • Reference Material
  • References
  • Index


Austin, Texas

Carter is director of the Institute of Classical Archaeology and Centennial Professor in Classical Archaeology at the University of Texas at Austin, as well as a former fellow of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens and the American Academy in Rome.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Swift is a research fellow for the Institute of Classical Archaeology at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a former Raleigh Radley scholar at the British School at Rome and lecturer at Brasenose College, University of Oxford.


“This volume will quickly take its place as a seminal repository of data and interpretations of a landscape in the chora of Metaponto and of Greek colonization in southern Italy.”
Bryn Mawr Classical Review

“What must be stressed [from The Chora of Metaponto 7] is the breadth and detail of the reports. Many of these classes of material, such as the cooking and coarse wares from the Ionian coast, have never before been studied and published in such detail. These contributions provide a rare and valuable opportunity for the analysis of material culture of the seventh to third centuries BC, both in the chora of Metapontum and beyond. The methodological approach to the archaeobotanical remains also sets a new standard in the field of Classical archaeology.”


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