Poggio Civitate in Murlo, Tuscany, is home to one of the best-preserved Etruscan communities of the eighth through the sixth centuries BCE. In this book, Anthony Tuck, the director of excavations, provides a broad synthesis of decades of data from the site.
The results of many years of excavation at Poggio Civitate tell a story of growth, urbanization, ancient industrialization, and dissolution. The site preserves traces of aristocratic domestic buildings, including some of the most evocative and enigmatic architectural sculpture in the region, along with remnants of non-elite domestic spaces, enabling illuminating comparisons across social strata. The settlement also features evidence of large-scale production systems, including tools and other objects that reflect the daily experiences of laborers. Finally, the site contains the story of its own destruction. Tuck finds in the data clear indications that Poggio Civitate was methodically dismantled, and he posits hypotheses concerning the circumstances around this violent social and political act.
Anthony Tuck, professor of classical archaeology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is director of excavations at Poggio Civitate. His books include Burials from Poggio Aguzzo: The Necropolis of Poggio Civitate (Murlo) and First Words: The Archaeology of Language at Poggio Civitate (Murlo).
Poggio Civitate has been the subject of many years of excavation; therefore, it has produced a huge body of material culture that has been the focus of interpretative analysis over time. This volume provides a crucial and pertinent update to long-held views, by incorporating new insights from recent excavation seasons and offering a holistic survey of the site’s significance in light of these observations.
~Gretchen Meyers, Director of Materials, Mugello Valley Archaeological Project (Poggio Colla)
List of Illustrations
The Site and Its Surroundings
Ancient and Medieval History
Poggio Civitate before Excavation Began in 1966
2. The Earliest Community of Poggio Civitate (Late Eighth Century BCE to the First Quarter/Middle of the Seventh Century BCE)
Early Phase Orientalizing Complex Building 4 (EPOC4)
Early Phase Orientalizing Complex Building 5 (EPOC5)
3. The Lords of Piano del Tesoro: The “Orientalizing Period Complex” (ca. 675/650 BCE to the End of the Seventh or Beginning of the Sixth Century BCE)
The Orientalizing Complex
Evidence for the Date of the Orientalizing Complex
The Decorative Program of the Orientalizing Complex
Daily Life of the Social Elite of Poggio Civitate
OC3/Tripartite and Connections to the Larger Etruscan World
Manufacturing at Poggio Civitate
Personalities of Poggio Civitate’s Workforce
The Economy of Poggio Civitate
Sigla and the Communitarian Environment of Poggio Civitate
Non-Elite Domestic Spaces at Poggio Civitate
Subordinate Communities beyond Poggio Civitate
Conviviality, Banqueting, and the Mistress of Animals
Responses to Death at Poggio Civitate
Before the Fire
4. Monumental Aspirations: Poggio Civitate’s Archaic Phase (ca. 600 BCE to Approximately 525 BCE)
The Decorative System of Poggio Civitate’s Archaic Phase Building
Interpreting the Archaic Phase Decorative Program
The Function(s) of Poggio Civitate’s Archaic Phase Building
The Destruction and Abandonment of Poggio Civitate
The Political Situation of the Late Sixth Century BCE
5. Poggio Civitate: An Overview
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