Expanding the study of Etruscan habitation sites to include not only traditional cities but also smaller Etruscan communities, Cetamura del Chianti examines a settlement that flourished during an exceptional time period, amid wars with the Romans in the fourth to first centuries BCE.
Situated in an ideal hilltop location that was easy to defend and had access to fresh water, clay, and timber, the community never grew to the size of a city, and no known references to it survive in ancient writings; its ancient name isn’t even known. Because no cities were ever built on top of the site, excavation is unusually unimpeded. Intriguing features described in Cetamura del Chianti include an artisans’ zone with an adjoining sanctuary, which fostered the cult worship of Lur and Leinth, two relatively little known Etruscan deities, and ancient wells that reveal the cultural development and natural environment, including the vineyards and oak forests of Chianti, over a period of some six hundred years. Deeply enhancing our understanding of an intriguing economic, political, and cultural environment, this is a compelling portrait of a singular society.
Nancy Thomson de Grummond is M. Lynette Thompson Distinguished Research Professor of Classics at Florida State University, director of excavations at Cetamura del Chianti, and coeditor of The Religion of the Etruscans and Caere.
[<i>Cetamura del Chianti</i> is] a model introduction to a small site and to the scholarly task of drawing connections between the micro and the macro...Cetamura is a case study of an artisan community and its infrastructure that could usefully inform more exploration of this phenomenon in Etruria...this is a book and a site with much to offer.
~Ancient History Bulletin
This volume presents evidence from Cetamura in an accessible manner. It is best suited for students new to Etruscan archaeology and helps to broaden the discipline’s scope by focusing on a non-elite, rural community. Moreover, this volume underscores the value of rigorous palaeobotanical research.
~The Classical Review
Nothing quite like this book exists. A detailed study of a small community which has been the focus of continuous excavation since 1973 provides a future model for the analysis of similar settlements. The forceful argument for the association of industrial and religious concerns at Cetamura is convincing and effective. One of the significant contributions of this work is its presentation of botanical evidence recovered from recent excavations, through which we can glimpse aspects of ancient regional viticulture. Given Cetamura's topographic situation within the Chianti region, this is indeed remarkable.
~Anthony Tuck, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Director of Excavations at Poggio Civitate (Murlo)
[A] well-written study on the small hilltop settlement of Cetamura del Chianti in central Tuscany...[Cetamura del Chianti] provides an excellent example of how the evolution of a small Etruscan community can be described and understood effectively based on several decades of systematic research and archaeological excavation...This book, worthy in a multitude of ways, offers new insights into large and complex issues, seen from the unusual but fascinating and precisely described perspective of a small community, strengthening a type of archaeological and cultural analysis which will surely benefit from further development in the coming years.
[Cetamura del Chianti has] much to offer scholars, students, and the general public interested in the intersections of archaeology, history, material culture, and science as it pertains to a unique settlement that flourished between 300 BCE and 300 CE in the Chianti countryside.
~American Journal of Archaeology
List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgments
Album of Maps
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Early and Middle Etruscan Periods (Seventh–Fourth Centuries BCE)
A Ritual Crevice
Chapter 3. Late Etruscan Phase I (300–150 BCE)
The Artisans’ Quarter
Structure K: Making Brick and Tile
Structures B and C: Water Management and Textile Production
Structure J: A Workers’ Platform
Structure N: Iron Working
Pottery: A Typology
Artifacts in the Artisans’ Quarter
Fauna and Flora
Chapter 4. Late Etruscan Phase II (ca. 150–75/50 BCE)
Structures A, B, and D
Artifacts from Structures A and B
Building L: The Sanctuary of the Etruscan Artisans
Votive Features of Building L
Chapter 5. The Wells of Cetamura: From Etruscan to Roman
Well #2 (Structure M), on Zone II
Well #1, on Zone I
Chapter 6. Roman Cetamura (ca. 50 BCE to Late Antiquity)
The Settlement of a Roman Veteran
Baths and Production
The Early Roman Empire
The Later Roman Empire
Chapter 7. Cetamura as a Community
Chapter 8. Cetamura after Antiquity
Appendix. A Timeline of History for Cetamura del Chianti
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