City of Suppliants
Tragedy and the Athenian Empire
222 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
Sales Date: August 1, 2012
After fending off Persia in the fifth century BCE, Athens assumed a leadership position in the Aegean world. Initially it led the Delian League, a military alliance against the Persians, but eventually the league evolved into an empire with Athens in control and exacting tribute from its former allies. Athenians justified this subjection of their allies by emphasizing their fairness and benevolence towards them, which gave Athens the moral right to lead. But Athenians also believed that the strong rule over the weak and that dominating others allowed them to maintain their own freedom. These conflicting views about Athens’ imperial rule found expression in the theater, and this book probes how the three major playwrights dramatized Athenian imperial ideology.
Through close readings of Aeschylus’ Eumenides, Euripides’ Children of Heracles, and Sophocles’ Oedipus at Colonus, as well as other suppliant dramas, Angeliki Tzanetou argues that Athenian tragedy performed an important ideological function by representing Athens as a benevolent and moral ruler that treated foreign suppliants compassionately. She shows how memorable and disenfranchised figures of tragedy, such as Orestes and Oedipus, or the homeless and tyrant-pursued children of Heracles were generously incorporated into the public body of Athens, thus reinforcing Athenians’ sense of their civic magnanimity. This fresh reading of the Athenian suppliant plays deepens our understanding of how Athenians understood their political hegemony and reveals how core Athenian values such as justice, freedom, piety, and respect for the laws intersected with imperial ideology.
~Sophie Mills, University of North Carolina at Asheville, Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Tzanetou offers a very useful addition to the ever-increasing scholarship on the relationship between tragedy and the Athenian empire, and it deserves a wide audience…
- List of Abbreviations
- Aeschylus' Eumenides: Hegemony and Justice
- Hegemony and Empire: Presumed Origins
- Euripides' Children of Heracles: "Helping the Weak and Punishing the Strong"
- Hegemony in Crisis: Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus
- Index Locorum
The publication of City of Suppliants was made possible by the support of the Ashley and Peter Larkin Endowment in Greek and Roman Culture.