Like many indigenous groups that have endured centuries of subordination, the Berber/Amazigh peoples of North Africa are demanding linguistic and cultural recognition and the redressing of injustices. Indeed, the movement seeks nothing less than a refashioning of the identity of North African states, a rewriting of their history, and a fundamental change in the basis of collective life. In so doing, it poses a challenge to the existing political and sociocultural orders in Morocco and Algeria, while serving as an important counterpoint to the oppositionist Islamist current.
This is the first book-length study to analyze the rise of the modern ethnocultural Berber/Amazigh movement in North Africa and the Berber diaspora. Bruce Maddy-Weitzman begins by tracing North African history from the perspective of its indigenous Berber inhabitants and their interactions with more powerful societies, from Hellenic and Roman times, through a millennium of Islam, to the era of Western colonialism. He then concentrates on the marginalization and eventual reemergence of the Berber question in independent Algeria and Morocco, against a background of the growing crisis of regime legitimacy in each country. His investigation illuminates many issues, including the fashioning of official national narratives and policies aimed at subordinating Berbers in an Arab nationalist and Islamic-centered universe; the emergence of a counter-movement promoting an expansive Berber "imagining" that emphasizes the rights of minority groups and indigenous peoples; and the international aspects of modern Berberism.
Bruce Maddy-Weitzman is Senior Research Fellow at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel Aviv University. He is the author of The Crystallization of the Arab State System, 1945–1954 and the coeditor of The Maghrib in the New Century: Identity, Religion, and Politics; The Camp David Summit—What Went Wrong?; and Religious Radicalism in the Greater Middle East. He also edited the last seven volumes of the Middle East Contemporary Survey.
A rich historical analysis of the origins of Berber identity, the domination of Berbers by successive colonial rules, and the current struggles of Berber movements for recognition by North African states.
~The Eurasia Review
Note on Transcription and Terminology
Part I. Entering History
Chapter One. Origins and Conquests: Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, Arabia
Chapter Two. The Colonial Era
Part II. Independence, Marginalization, and Berber Reimagining
Chapter Three. Morocco and Algeria: State Consolidation and Berber "Otherness"
Chapter Four. Algerian Strife, Moroccan Homeopathy, and the Emergence of the Amazigh Movement
Part III. Reentering History in the New Millennium
Chapter Five. Berber Identity and the International Arena
Chapter Six. Mohamed VI's Morocco and the Amazigh Movement
Chapter Seven. Bouteflika's Algeria and Kabyle Alienation
Conclusion: Whither the State, Whither the Berbers?
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