Winner, Liz Carpenter Award For Research in the History of Women, Texas State Historical Association, 2010
Texas women broke barriers throughout the twentieth century, winning the right to vote, expanding their access to higher education, entering new professions, participating fully in civic and political life, and planning their families. Yet these major achievements have hardly been recognized in histories of twentieth-century Texas. By contrast, Texas Through Women's Eyes offers a fascinating overview of women's experiences and achievements in the twentieth century, with an inclusive focus on rural women, working-class women, and women of color.
McArthur and Smith trace the history of Texas women through four eras. They discuss how women entered the public sphere to work for social reforms and the right to vote during the Progressive era (1900–1920); how they continued working for reform and social justice and for greater opportunities in education and the workforce during the Great Depression and World War II (1920–1945); how African American and Mexican American women fought for labor and civil rights while Anglo women laid the foundation for two-party politics during the postwar years (1945–1965); and how second-wave feminists (1965–2000) promoted diverse and sometimes competing goals, including passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, reproductive freedom, gender equity in sports, and the rise of the New Right and the Republican party.
Judith N. Mcarthur and Harold L. Smith teach at the University of Houston–Victoria and are the coauthors of Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics, which won the Liz Carpenter Award for Research in the History of Women from the Texas State Historical Association and the T. R. Fehrenbach Book Award from the Texas Historical Commission.
This is social history at its very best.
~Elizabeth Hayes Turner
Part One: Social Reform and Suffrage in the Progressive Era, 1900-1920
Urbanization and Economic Opportunity
Strikes and Labor Activism
Education and Professionalism
Motherhood and Social Housekeeping
Public Health: Cleaning Up the Food Supply
Maternalist Legislation: Child Labor, Compulsory Education, and Mothers' Pensions
Claiming Urban Space: Settlement Houses and Prostitution Districts
The Boundaries of Race
Immigration and Revolution in the Borderlands
Votes for Women
The Politics of Woman Suffrage
Suffrage in Black and White
Part Two: Post-Suffrage Politics, Depression, and War, 1920-1945
The New Woman in Politics
"Female" Politics and the "Petticoat" Lobby
Athletics: Hoop Dreams and Rodeo Queens
Education and Work
Women of Color: Discrimination and Protest
Surviving the Great Depression
The New Deal and Women
Discrimination in the New Deal
World War II: The Home Front
Women in Uniform
Conclusion: New Women, Labor Women, and Race Women
Part Three: Conformity, Civil Rights, and Social Protest, 1945-1965
Gender Roles and the Domestic Ideal
Women at Work
Civil Rights, Brown: "They Treated Us Like Dumb Mexicans"
Civil Rights, Black: "You're Not Dirt, No Matter Where They Make You Sit"
Red Scare Politics and the Minute Women
Women and the Rise of the Republican Party
Part Four: Feminism, Backlash, and Political Culture, 1965-2000
Title VII and Civil Rights for Women
The New Left and Women's Liberation
The Equal Rights Amendment: For and Against
Splintered Sisterhood: The 1977 Houston Women's Conference
Aftermath: Women and the New Right
Cracking the Glass Ceiling: Women in Electoral Politics
Title IX and Gender Equity in Sports
Women in the Workforce
Family and Personal Life at the End of the Century
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