Pleasure gardens, or horti, offered elite citizens of ancient Rome a retreat from the noise and grime of the city, where they could take their leisure and even conduct business amid lovely landscaping, architecture, and sculpture. One of the most important and beautiful of these gardens was the horti Sallustiani, originally developed by the Roman historian Sallust at the end of the first century B.C. and later possessed and perfected by a series of Roman emperors. Though now irrevocably altered by two millennia of human history, the Gardens of Sallust endure as a memory of beauty and as a significant archaeological site, where fragments of sculpture and ruins of architecture are still being discovered.
In this ambitious work, Kim Hartswick undertakes the first comprehensive history of the Gardens of Sallust from Roman times to the present, as well as its influence on generations of scholars, intellectuals, and archaeologists. He draws from an astonishing array of sources to reconstruct the original dimensions and appearance of the gardens and the changes they have undergone at specific points in history. Hartswick thoroughly discusses the architectural features of the garden and analyzes their remains. He also studies the sculptures excavated from the gardens and discusses the subjects and uses of many outstanding examples.
Kim J. Hartswick is Academic Director of the CUNY Baccalaureate Program at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.
In several aspects this book will be a standard for the next decades.
~Bryn Mawr Classical Review
I know of no study quite like Kim Hartswick’s treatment of the Horti Sallustiani, although I hope that it will soon stand as a model for other scholars. . . . The wealth of factual knowledge that has gone into this study is immense. . . . This is a marvelous piece of truly new scholarship.
~Ingrid D. Rowland
Part I. Topography and History
Location and Topography
The Original Owner: C. Sallustius Crispus
Inheritors of Sallust's Gardens
Plantings in Garden Estates
The Hortus as Self-Display
The 1880's "Building Fever" and Its Aftermath
Part II. The Architecture of the Gardens
The Destailleur Plan and Pertinent Ancient Remains
The "Vestibule" in the Piazza Sallustio
Wall(s) of Niches
The So-called Circus of Flora
Temples of Venus
Part III. Sculptural Finds
Artemis, Iphigenia, and a Hind
The World of Dionysos
"Nymphs" and Candelabra
The Ludovisi and Boston "Thrones"
Ludovisi "Throne": Discovery and Early Theories
Boston "Throne": Discovery and Early Reports
Use and Reuse
Sculptures Found in 1888 Near the Via Boncompagni
Orestes and Electra
Addendum: The Templum Gentis Flaviae and the Three Temples of Fortune
Abbreviations of Periodicals and Series
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