In premodern Moroccan Sufism, sainthood involved not only a closeness to the Divine presence (walaya) but also the exercise of worldly authority (wilaya). The Moroccan Jazuliyya Sufi order used the doctrine that the saint was a "substitute of the prophets" and personification of a universal "Muhammadan Reality" to justify nearly one hundred years of Sufi involvement in Moroccan political life, which led to the creation of the sharifian state.
This book presents a systematic history of Moroccan Sufism through the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries C.E. and a comprehensive study of Moroccan Sufi doctrine, focusing on the concept of sainthood. Vincent J. Cornell engages in a sociohistorical analysis of Sufi institutions, a critical examination of hagiography as a source for history, a study of the Sufi model of sainthood in relation to social and political life, and a sociological analysis of more than three hundred biographies of saints. He concludes by identifying eight indigenous ideal types of saint that are linked to specific forms of authority. Taken together, they define sainthood as a socioreligious institution in Morocco.
Vincent J. Cornell is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Middle East and Islamic Studies at Emory University.
This is the most significant study of the Sufi tradition in Islam to have appeared in the last two decades.... It equals in scope and significance Peter Brown's The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity.
~Dale F. Eickelman
This highly original study explicates brilliantly the doctrinal and metaphysical aspects of premodern Moroccan Sufism and provides a thorough sociological analysis of the cult of saints.
Preface and Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Transliteration of Foreign Terms
Introduction. Morocco and the Problem of Sainthood in Islamic Studies
Part I. Sainthood and Authority in Morocco: The Origins and Development of a Paradigm
Chapter One. Sainthood in an Urban Context: Sulaha', 'Scholars, and "Anchors of the Earth"
Chapter Two. Arbiters of the Holy in the Countryside: Rural Legists, Spiritual Masters, and Murabitun
Chapter Three. Knowledge, Power, and Authority in Monographic Biography
Chapter Four. Qualifying the Ineffable: Sainthood in the Hagiographical Anthology
Part II. The Paradigm Institutionalized
Chapter Five. Moroccan Sufism in the Marinid Period
Chapter Six. An Emplotment of a Paradigmatic Saint: The Career of Muhammad ibn Sulaymán al Jazuli
Chapter Seven. The Ideology of Paradigmatic Sainthood: The Jazfilite Doctrine of the "Muhammadan Way"
Chapter Eight. Paradigmatic Sainthood in the Material World: The Jazuliyya and the Rise of the Sharifian State
Conclusion. Power and Authority in Moroccan Sainthood
Glossary of Technical Terms
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