Torture in Brazil
A Shocking Report on the Pervasive Use of Torture by Brazilian Military Governments, 1964-1979, Secretly Prepared by the Archiodese of São Paulo
267 Pages, 5.50 x 8.25 in
Copublished with The Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas at Austin
Sales Date: August 1, 1998
267 Pages, 5.50 x 8.25 in
Winner, A Choice Outstanding Academic Book
From 1964 until 1985, Brazil was ruled by a military regime that sanctioned the systematic use of torture in dealing with its political opponents. The catalog of what went on during that grim period was originally published in Portuguese as Brasil: Nunca Mais (Brazil: Never Again) in 1985.
The volume was based on the official documentation kept by the very military that perpetrated the horrific acts. These extensive documents include military court proceedings of actual trials, secretly photocopied by lawyers associated with the Catholic Church and analyzed by a team of researchers. Their daring project—known as BNM for Brasil: Nunca Mais—compiled more than 2,700 pages of testimony by political prisoners documenting close to three hundred forms of torture.
The BNM project proves conclusively that torture was an essential part of the military justice system and that judicial authorities were clearly aware of the use of torture to extract confessions. Still, it took more than a decade after the publication of Brasil: Nunca Mais for the armed forces to admit publicly that such torture had ever taken place. Torture in Brazil, the English version of the book re-edited here, serves as a timely reminder of the role of Brazil's military in past repression.
"This is the most important book to come out of Brazil in this decade, perhaps in the last 30 years."
Foreword by the Former General Secretary of the World Council of Churches
Preface by the Metropolitan Archbishop of São Paulo
Introduction to the Brazilian Edition
Part 1: Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Punishment
2: Modes and Instruments of Torture
3: Torture of Children and Women
4: Medical Assistance to Torture
6: The Consolidation of the Authoritarian State
7: The History and Legal Structure of the Repressive System
8: How Suspects Were Detained
10: Against Leftist Organizations
11: Against Targeted Social Groups
12: Against "Subversion"
14: Six Sample Cases
16: The Consequences of Torture
17: Deaths under Torture
18: The Disappeared
I. Glossary of Acronyms
II. Statement on Torture by the World Council of Churches
III. List of "Disappeared" Political Prisoners