Why does one talented individual win lasting recognition in a particular field, while another equally talented person does not? While there are many possible reasons, one obvious answer is that something more than talent is requisite to produce fame. The "something more" in the field of architecture, asserts Roxanne Williamson, is the association with a "famous" architect at the moment he or she first receives major publicity or designs the building for which he or she will eventually be celebrated.
In this study of more than six hundred American architects who have achieved a place in architectural histories, Williamson finds that only a small minority do not fit the "right person–right time" pattern. She traces the apprenticeship connection in case studies of Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, Henry Hobson Richardson, the firm of McKim, Mead & White, Latrobe and his descendants, the Bulfinch and Renwick Lines, the European immigrant masters, and Louis Kahn.
Although she acknowledges and discusses the importance of family connections, the right schools, self-promotion, scholarships, design competition awards, and promotion by important journals, Williamson maintains that the apprenticeship connection is the single most important predictor of architectural fame. She offers the intriguing hypothesis that what is transferred in the relationship is not a particular style or approach but rather the courage and self-confidence to be true to one's own vision. Perhaps, she says, this is the case in all the arts.
American Architects and the Mechanics of Fame is sure to provoke thought and comment in architecture and other creative fields.
1. A Network of Connections
2. The Time as Well as the Place
3. A Consensus of Who Is Famous and Who Is Not: The Index of Fame
Part I. Case Studies: The Apprenticeship Connection
4. Louis Sullivan
5. Frank Lloyd Wright
6. Henry Hobson Richardson
7. McKim, Mead & White
8. Latrobe and His Descendants
9. The Bulfinch and Renwick Lines
10. The European Immigrant Masters in the Twentieth Century
11. Louis Kahn
12. The Loners
Part II. Conventional Wisdom about Architects’ Predispositions for Fame
13. Connections: Family, Friends, Schools
14. Self-promotion and Publicity
15. Other, Weaker Patterns
16. The Historians as Fame Makers
17. Afterword on the Fame-Making System
Index of Architects
Roxanne Kuter Williamson is Professor Emerita, School of Architecture, the Universityof Texas at Austin.
"Anyone who has done research in the architectural history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries must have observed sooner or later that there are lineages of descent from certain leading figures. It is [Williamson's] merit to have traced such lineages in great detail and, in addition, to have proposed a fascinating hypothesis about the right time during which it would be most advantageous for an apprentice architect to be in the office of a master."
—Eduard F. Sekler, Professor of Architecture, CarpenterCenter for the Visual Arts, Harvard University