Lowland South American languages have been among the least studied ln the world. Consequently, their previous contribution to linguistic theory and language universals has been small. However, as this volume demonstrates, tremendous diversity and significance are found in the languages of this region.
These nineteen essays, originally presented at a conference on Amazonian languages held at the University of Oregon, offer new information on the Tupian, Cariban, Jivaroan, Nambiquaran, Arawakan, Tucanoan, and Makuan languages and new analyses of previously recalcitrant Tupí-Guaraní verb agreement systems.
The studies are descriptive, but typological and theoretical implications are consistently considered. Authors invariably indicate where previous claims must be adjusted based on the new information presented. This is true in the areas of nonlinear phonological theory, verb agreement systems and ergativity, grammatical relations and incorporation, and the uniqueness of Amazonian noun classification systems. The studies also contribute to the now extensive interest in grammatical change.
List of Contributors
Introduction (Doris L. Payne)
I. Historical and Comparative Studies
Language History in South America: What We Know and How to Know More (Terrence Kaufman)
Some Widespread Grammatical Forms in South American Languages (David L. Payne)
Valence-Changing Affixes in Maipuran Arawakan Languages (Mary Ruth Wise)
Cross-Referencing Changes in Some Tupí-Guaraní Languages (Cheryl Jensen)
II. Stress and Pitch-Accent Systems
Accent in Aguaruna (David L. Payne)
Asheninca Stress Patterns (Judith Payne)
III. Morphological Studies
Morphological Characteristics of Lowland South American Languages (Doris L. Payne)
Noun Classification Systems of Amazonian Languages (Desmond C. Derbyshire and Doris L. Payne)
Classifiers in Tuyuca (Janet Barnes)
Chiriguano and Guarayo Word Formation (Wolf Dietrich)
Incorporation in Nadëb (E. M. Helen Weir)
IV. Transitivity and Grammatical Relations
Kamaiurá (Tupí-Guaraní) as an Active-Stative Language (Lucy Seki)
You and I = Neither You nor I: The Personal System of Tupinambá (Tupí-Guaraní) (Aryon D. Rodrigues)
Ergativity and Nominativity in Kuikúro and Other Carib Languages (Bruna Franchetto)
Transitivity and Ergativity in Panare (Thomas E. Payne)
V. Morphosyntax in Its Wider Context
The Positioning of Non-pronominal Clitics and Particles in Lowland South American Languages (Robert A. Dooley)
The Non-modal Particles of the Carib Language of Surinam and Their Influence on Constituent Order (Berend J. Hoff)
Cause and Reason in Nambiquara (Ivan Lowe )
"A real mine of information on many South American languages, much of which is totally new and unavailable otherwise, together with detailed considerations of their theoretical implications.... a truly significant contribution to the field."
—Lyle Campbell, professor of anthropology, linguistics, and Spanish, Louisiana State University