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Brazil and the Quiet Intervention, 1964

[ Latin American Studies ]

Brazil and the Quiet Intervention, 1964

By Phyllis R. Parker

Relying principally on documents from the Johnson and Kennedy presidential libraries, Phyllis Parker unravels the events of the 1964 Goulart coup in fascinating detail.



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5.5 x 8.5 | 162 pp.

ISBN: 978-0-292-72950-6

When the Brazilian military overthrew President João Goulart in 1964, American diplomats characterized the coup as a "100 percent Brazilian movement." It has since become apparent, largely through government documents declassified during the course of research for this book, that the United States had an invisible but pervasive part in the coup.

Relying principally on documents from the Johnson and Kennedy presidential libraries, Phyllis Parker unravels the events of the coup in fascinating detail. The evidence she presents is corroborated by interviews with key participants.

U.S. interference in the Goulart regime began when normal diplomatic pressure failed to produce the desired enthusiasm from him for the Alliance of Progress. Political and economic manipulations also proving ineffective, the United States stood ready to back a military takeover of Brazil's constitutional democracy.

U.S. operation "Brother Sam" involved shipments of petroleum, a naval task force, and tons of arms and ammunition in preparation for intervention during the 1964 coup. When the Brazilian military gained control without calling on the ready assistance, U.S. policy makers immediately accorded recognition to the new government and set in motion plans for economic support.

A Gaucho Becomes President
Two New Ambassadors
Two Omens for the Future
Brazil’s Independent Foreign Policy
The Domestic Scene
The Presidents Meet
Return to Brazil
The Parliamentary Crisis
October Elections
Goulart Salutes the Yankee Victory
A Special Emissary from the President
Presidential Powers Restored
Economic Stabilization for Assistance: The Bell-Dantas Agreement
Goulart Administration Drifts to the Left
A New Administration in Washington
Military Conspiracies
Beginning of the End
U.S. Activities
Political Perspectives on U.S. Economic Assistance to Brazil
List of Sources

Phyllis R. Parker received her master of public affairs degree from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin, in 1976.