This book fills the crucial need for a single volume that gives broad coverage and synthesizes findings for both the general reader and the specialist. This collection of twenty-two essays from fifteen well-known scholars presents linguistic research on the indigenous languages of South America, surveying past research, providing data and analysis gathered from past and current research, and suggesting prospects for future investigation.
Of interest not only to linguists but also to anthropologists, historians, and geographers, South American Indian Languages offers a wide perspective, both temporal and regional, on an area noted for its enormous linguistic diversity and for the lack of knowledge of its indigenous languages. An invaluable source book and reference tool, its appearance is especially timely when exploitation of the rich natural resources in a number of areas in South America must surely result in the demise and/or acculturation of some indigenous groups.
Introduction (Harriet E. Manelis Klein and Louisa R. Stark)
Part I. Indigenous Languages of Lowland South America
1. Languages of the Orinoco-Amazon Region: Current Status (Ernest C. Migliazza)
2. An Emerging Tukanoan Linguistic Regionality: Policy Pressures (Arthur P. Sorensen)
3. Indigenous Languages of Lowland Ecuador: History and Current Status (Louisa R. Stark)
4. Indigenous Languages of Lowland Peru: History and Current Status (Mary Ruth Wise)
5. Panoan Linguistic, Folkloristic and Ethnographic Research: Retrospect and Prospect (Kenneth M. Kensinger)
6. Some Macro-Jê Relationships (Irvine Davis)
7. Nambiquara Languages: Linguistic and Geographical Distance between Speech Communities (David Price)
8. A Survey of the Carib Language Family (Marshall Durbin)
9. Evidence for Tupi-Carib Relationships (Aryon D. Rodrigues)
10. The Present State of the Study of Brazilian Indian Languages (Aryon D. Rodrigues)
Part II. Indigenous Languages of the Andes
11. Ecuadorian Highland Quechua: History and Current Status (Louisa R. Stark)
12. Southern Peruvian Quechua (Bruce Mannheim)
13. The Quechua Language in Bolivia (Louisa R. Stark)
14. A Critical Survey of the Literature on the Aymara Language (Lucy Therina Briggs)
15. Dialectical Variation in Aymara (Lucy Therina Briggs)
16. Aymara and Quechua: Languages in Contact (M. J. Hardman)
17. Contact and Quechua-External Genetic Relationships (Bruce Mannheim)
Part III. Indigenous Languages of Southern and Eastern South America
18. Current Status of Argentine Indigenous Languages (Harriet E. Manelis Klein)
19. History of the Quichua of Santiago del Estero (Louisa R. Stark)
20. Indigenous Languages of Tierra del Fuego (Christos Clairis)
21. Mapuche Dialect Survey (Robert A. Croese)
22. Indian Languages of the Paraguayan Chaco (Harriet E. Manelis Klein and Louisa R. Stark)
Harriet E. Manelis Klein is Professor Emerita of Anthropology at Montclair State College in Upper Montclair, New Jersey.
Louisa R. Stark was Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at Arizona State University in Tempe.