Intellectual Foundations of the Nicaraguan Revolution

[ Latin American Studies ]

Intellectual Foundations of the Nicaraguan Revolution

By Donald C. Hodges



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| 396 pp. | 2 b&w illustrations

ISBN: 978-0-292-73843-0

In this critical study of the thought of Augusto Cesar Sandino and his followers, Donald C. Hodges has discovered a coherent ideological thread and political program, which he succeeds in tracing to Mexican and Spanish sources. Sandino's strong religious inclination in combination with his anarchosyndicalist political ideology established him as a religious seer and moral reformer as well as a political thinker and is the prototype of the curious blend of Marxism and Christianity of the late twentieth-century Nicaraguan government, the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional.


Part One. Sandino
1. The Making of a Revolutionary
The Mexican Experience
The Struggle in Nicaragua
Revitalizing an Ailing Cause
Understanding Sandino
2. Activating Ideologies
The Legacy of Mexican Anarchism
Spiritualist, Freemason, Theosophist
The Spiritism of the Magnetic-Spiritual School
The Anarchism of Austere Rational Philosophy
Sandino’s “Rational Communism”
The Coming “Proletarian Explosion”
3. Strategy for Subversion
Appeals to Patriotism
Sandino’s Liberalism
The Turn toward Populism
Sandino and the Comintern
4. The War in Nicaragua
The Yankee “Machos”
The Bankers of Wall Street
The “Whited Sepulcher”
Nicaragua’s Political Leaders
The Defending Army of National Sovereignty
Stimson or Sandino?

Part Two. The Sandinistas
5. From Sandino to Sandinismo
Recovering Sandino’s Thought
Transmitting Sandino’s Example
The Marxist Influence
Promoting the New Marxism
What Is Sandinismo?
6. Political Assessments
Nicaragua’s Neocolonial Status
The Rise of a Bourgeois Opposition
The Emergence of a Proletarian Vanguard
The Development of a Revolutionary Situation
7. Reflections on Strategy
The Original “Foco” Strategy
The Strategy of Prolonged People’s War
The Strategy of Popular Resistance
The Strategy of General Insurrection
8. Ideologies of the Revolution
The Cult of the New Man
The Defense of Human Rights
The Religious Policy of the FSLN
Ernesto Cardenal’s Tour de Force
The Ideological Pluralism of the FSLN


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