The Princes of Naranja

[ Latin American Studies ]

The Princes of Naranja

An Essay in Anthrohistorical Method

By Paul Friedrich

Paul Friedrich looks closely at the strong men of the Tarascan Indian village of Naranja: their leadership, friendship, kinship, and violent local politics (over a time depth of one generation), and ways to understand such phenomena.

1987

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Paperback

6 x 9 | 326 pp.

ISBN: 978-0-292-76502-3

In this groundbreaking study, Paul Friedrich looks closely at the strong men of the Tarascan Indian village of Naranja: their leadership, friendship, kinship, and violent local politics (over a time depth of one generation), and ways to understand such phenomena. What emerges is an acutely observed portrait of the men who form the very basis of the grass-roots power structure in Mexico today.

Of interest to historians, sociologists, and political scientists, as well as Latin Americanists and anthropologists, The Princes of Naranja is a sequel to Friedrich's now classic Agrarian Revolt in a Mexican Village. It begins with biographical character studies of seven leaders—peasant gunmen, judges, politicos; here the book will grip the reader and provoke strong emotional response, from laughter to horror. A middle section places these "princes" in relation to each other, and to the contexts of village society and the larger entities of which it forms a part. Friedrich's synthesis of anthropology, local (mainly oral) history, macrohistory, microsociology, psychology, and literature gives new insight into the structure of Mexican politics from the local level up, and provides a model for other scholars doing analogous work in other parts of the world, especially in the developing world. The concluding section raises vital questions about the dynamic relations between the fieldworker, fieldwork, field notes, the villagers, the writing of a fieldwork-based book, and, implicitly, the audience for such books.

Foreword by Dennis Tedlock
Preface. Outline and Problems

Part One. Seven Princes
1. Seven Political Life Studies
Fieldnotes Interlude
2. Political Pragmatics and Practicalities: Notes on Three Ejidal Meetings

Part Two. Structure and History
3. Political Ethnography: “Confidential Friend” and Related Categories
4. Political Organization
5. Political History: Libido Dominandi and the Rise of Elías (Scarface) Caso (1926–1956)

Part Three. “Political Economy”
6. Political Economy, Oligarchy, and the Leaders

Part Four. Experience and Methods
7. Fieldwork Categories: Sources of Shattered Bits
8. “Writing It Up”
9. Background: Personal and Intellectual

Appendices
Economic Appendix A. The Ejidal Bank and Naranja Ejido Economics
Economic Appendix B. The History of Anita Rías (Fieldwork Datum No. 11)
Homicide Appendix
Psychological Appendix A. Camilo’s Rorschach
Psychological Appendix B. Boni’s Rorschach
Psychological Appendix C. Aquiles’ Rorschach
Notes
Sources

Paul Friedrich is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, of Linguistics, and in the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago.

"Enormously important ... The only book that objectively assesses the phenomenon [of] caciquismo in Mexico."
—Friedrich Katz

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