Intellectuals and the State in Twentieth-Century Mexico

[ Latin American Studies ]

Intellectuals and the State in Twentieth-Century Mexico

By Roderic A. Camp

Roderic Camps’ examination of intellectuals in Mexico is the first study of a Latin American country to detail the structure of intellectual life, rather than merely considering intellectual ideas.

1986

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Paperback

6 x 9 | 296 pp.

ISBN: 978-0-292-73839-3

In developing countries, the extent to which intellectuals disengage themselves in state activities has widespread consequences for the social, political, and economic development of those societies. Roderic Camps’ examination of intellectuals in Mexico is the first study of a Latin American country to detail the structure of intellectual life, rather than merely considering intellectual ideas. Camp has used original sources, including extensive interviews, to provide new data about the evolution of leading Mexican intellectuals and their relationship to politics and politicians since 1920.

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction
Methodology

2. Politics, the State, and Intellectuals
The Mexican Model
Political Culture
Political Structures
Nonstate Structures
Conclusions

3. The Mexican Intellectual
A Universal Conceptualization
A Mexican Intellectual’s Definition
A Mexican Public Figure’s Definition
Conclusions

4. The Function of the Mexican Intellectual
Social Conditions and the Intellectual’s Role
Foreign Determinants of Intellectual Roles
Cultural Determinants of Intellectual Roles
The Role of the Mexican Intellectual
A View from Intellectuals and Politicians
Conclusions

5. Family Background and Education
Consequences of Birthplace
Consequences of Residence
Consequences of Social Background
Consequences of Education
Conclusions

6. Career Patterns
Occupations: Uncommon Choices
Occupations: Frequent Choices
Career Choices and Public Service
Other Experiences
Conclusions

7. Intellectual Mentors and Circles
The Intellectual Mentor
The University and Recruitment
The Journal and Recruitment
The Role of Intellectual Circles
The Independent Intellectual
Some Important Intellectual Groups
Conclusions

8. Cultural Academies and Institutions
The Importance of Mexican Cultural Institutions
The Academies
National Prizes
The Universities
Conclusions

9. Media, Censorship, and Intellectual Life
Media Impact
Characteristics of Mexican Media
Government Censorship
Self-Censorship
Government Censorship Techniques
Conclusions

10. Serving the State
The Consequences of 1968
Patterns of Intellectual Relationships to the State
Why Intellectuals Have Served the State
Consequences of Serving the State

11. Conclusions

Notes
Bibliographic Essay
Index