The Sacred Landscape of the Inca

[ Latin American Studies ]

The Sacred Landscape of the Inca

The Cusco Ceque System

By Brian S. Bauer

Bauer synthesizes extensive archaeological survey work with archival research into the Inca social groups of the Cusco region, their land holdings, and the positions of the shrines to offer a comprehensive, empirical description of the ceque system.

1998

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Paperback

8.5 x 11 | 263 pp.

ISBN: 978-0-292-72901-8

"A major contribution to Andean studies.... Bauer not only provides a grand synthesis of what is known about the ceque system, but also provides new description, fieldwork, and interpretation. The book will have a wide audience."
—Clark L. Erickson, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania

The ceque system of Cusco, the ancient capital of the Inca empire, was perhaps the most complex indigenous ritual system in the pre-Columbian Americas. From a center known as the Coricancha (Golden Enclosure) or the Temple of the Sun, a system of 328 huacas (shrines) arranged along 42 ceques (lines) radiated out toward the mountains surrounding the city. This elaborate network, maintained by ayllus (kin groups) that made offerings to the shrines in their area, organized the city both temporally and spiritually.

From 1990 to 1995, Brian Bauer directed a major project to document the ceque system of Cusco. In this book, he synthesizes extensive archaeological survey work with archival research into the Inca social groups of the Cusco region, their land holdings, and the positions of the shrines to offer a comprehensive, empirical description of the ceque system. Moving well beyond previous interpretations, Bauer constructs a convincing model of the system's physical form and its relation to the social, political, and territorial organization of Cusco.

List of Illustrations and Tables
Preface

1. Introduction
The Shrines and Ceques of Cusco
The Organization of Cusco and the Ceque System
Studies of the Cusco Ceque System

2. The Original Ceque System Manuscript
The Date of the Original Ceque System Manuscript
Sixteenth-Century Writings on the Cusco Ceque System

3. Huacas
The Huacas of the Cusco Ceque System
Identifying Huacas: A Research Method

4. The Social Organization of Cusco and Its Ceque System
Collana, Payan, Cayao
Kings, Ayllus, and Ceques

5. The Huacas and Ceques of Chinchaysuyu

6. The Huacas and Ceques of Antisuyu

7. The Huacas and Ceques of Collasuyu

8. The Huacas and Ceques of Cuntisuyu

9. Albornoz and the Cusco Ceque System
Albornoz and the Huacas of Chinchaysuyu

10. Systems of Huacas and Ceques: Past and Present
Evidence of Other Inca Ceques
Possible Evidence of Pre-Inca Ceques: The Nazca Lines
Modern Ritual Lines in the Andes

11. An Overview of the Cusco Ceque System

Appendix 1: Rowe’s (1980) and Zuidema’s (1964) Numbering Systems for the Cusco Ceque System
Appendix 2: Account of the shrines of Cuzco (Bernabé Cobo, Historia del Nuevo Mundo, ms. 1653, Book Thirteen, Chapters 13–16). English translation by John H. Rowe
Appendix 3: Suggested Glosses of Huaca Names by Margot Beyersdorff

Notes
Glossary of Aymara, English, Spanish, and Quechua Terms
Bibliography
Archival Sources
Printed Sources
General Index
Index of Huaca Names
Index of Ceques

One of the leading authorities on the Inca, Brian S. Bauer is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Chicago.